Attar, Farīd-Ud-Dīn, فرید الدین عطار (CE 1145–1220), was born in Nishapur (Nīšāpūr), a city in the northeast region of Iran. Considered by Rumi to be “the master” of Sufi mystic poetry, Attar is best known for his epic poem The Conference of the birds, a magnificent allegorical tale about the soul’s search for meaning. The poem recounts the perilous journey of the world’s birds to the faraway peaks of Mount Qaf—a mystical mountain that wraps around the earth—in search of the mysterious Simurgh, their sovereign. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, and the religious with the metaphysical.
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